In the traditional(传统的)marriage, the man worked at a job to earn money for the family , Most men worked in an office , a factory, or some other place away from the home .Since the man earned the money , the paid the bills(帐).The money was used for food , clothes , the house , and other family needs , The man made most of the decisions , He was the boss,
In the traditional marriage, the woman seldom worked away from the house. she stayed at home to care for the children and her husband, She cooked meals, cleaned the house , washed the clothes , and did other housework , Her job at home was very important.
In recent years , many couples(夫妇)continue to have a traditional relationship of the kind . The man has a job and earns the money for the family . The woman stays at home and cares for the children and the house .Many Americans are happy with the kind of marriage .But some other Americans have a different impression of marriage and family responsibilities(责任).
There are two important differences in male(男性)and female (女性)roles(角色)now. One is that both men and women have many more choices .They may choose to marry or to stay single .They may choose to work or stay at home .Both men and women may choose roles that are comfortable for them.
A second difference in male and female roles is that within marriage many decisions and responsibilities are shared .The husband and wife may choose to have children, or they may not .If they have children, the man take care of them some of the time , all of the time or not at all .The woman may want to stay at home and take care of the children .Or she may want to go to work .Men and women now decide these things together in a marriage , Many married people now share these decisions and the responsibilities of their families.
36. Which of the following is NOT true in the traditional marriage ?
A. Men worked at a job to earn money for the family .
B. The women made most of decisions.
C. The woman stayed at home to care the children.
D. The man paid the bills.
37. In recent years ________.
A. young couples (拒绝)the traditional relationship.
B. the woman has a job and earns the money for the family .
C. the woman doesn't stay at home and care for the children and the house.
D. the role of men and women has begun to change .
38. Men and women may now choose all the following except to _______.
A. marry or to stay single . B. work or stay at home .
C. leave their jobs just because they have children
D. have their roles that are comfortable for them
39. The following are all now true except __________.
A. they may choose to have children or not
B. the man may tack care of the children some of the time.
C. the woman is the most important person in the house
D. the woman may want to go to work
40. Which of the following is not true?
A. Everyone tries to get married.
B. The man was the boss in the traditional marriage.
C. The woman's job at home was very important in the past.
D. Many Americans still have a traditional marriage.
In reading science, a heading (标题)often gives a clue (线索)to a problem that is going to be discussed .Getting the problem clearly in your mind is the first step to take in studying such material. You are advised to do this in reading science articles.
1. Read the title and think about it .
2. Read all of the headings .You should get a clear idea of what the problems are without reading anything but the headings.
3. Next , read the article all the way through carefully. Each time you come to a heading that names a problem, read the paragraphs under that heading to find out : 1. more information about the problem; 2.how the problem may be met .
41. This passage offers advice on _______.
A. how to read titles and headings B. how to find headings in an article
C. what problems to be discussed in science article
D. how to read science material
42. It is advisable for you ________.
A. to read the heading which you think is the title
B. to read the heading that names a problem
C. to read one heading and the paragraph under it each time
D. to read the headings only
43. Read the whole article after ________.
A. you have got all the information about the problem
B. you understand the title C. you have read one paragraph after another
D. you are clear about what to be discussed
44. You read the whole article carefully _________.
A. to get all the headings B. to see how the problem is discussed
C. to name problems D. to think about the title